Leslie Cramblet Alvarez, Ph.D.

Research

I am strong supporter of undergraduate research and have mentored, co-presented, and co-authored publications with a number of psychology majors during my time at Adams State. As an Educational Psychologist, my interests generally focus on the confluence of psychology and educational practices. My early research agenda focused on achievement motivation and goal orientation. Since, my research interests have broadened to include gender and diversity, in particular the representation of women in the psychology curriculum. I am committed to embedding authentic research experiences in the classroom through collaborative projects which encourage open science practices. I lead a replication team as part of the Open Science Collaboration’s internationally recognized Reproducibility Project in Psychology and have contributed to the Emerging Adulthood Measured at Multiple Institutions, 2 (EAMMi2), the Collaborative Replications and Education Project (CREP), and Psi Chi’s Network for International Collaborative Exchange (NICE).

Publications and Presentations

Grahe, J.E., Chalk, H.M., Cramblet Alvarez, L.D., Faas, C.S., Hermann, A.D., & McFall, J.P. (2018). Emerging Adulthood Measured at Multiple Institutions 2: The data. Journal of Open Psychology Data 6(1), 4. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/jopd.38

Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science.  Science, 349(6251). DOI: 10.1126/science.aac4716

Colman D. E. & Cramblet Alvarez, L.D. (2015). Please “friend” me: Comparing positivity of impressions across introduction platforms. North American Journal of Psychology, 17(3), 465-484.

Landrum, R.E., & Cramblet Alvarez, L.A. (April, 2018). Applying to graduate school in psychology: An insider’s guide in the Rocky Mountain region. Psi Chi program session at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Denver, Co.

Weiser, M.A., & Rodriguez, J.L. (April, 2018). Delving into the historical and contemporary barriers of women and minorities in psychology: A review. In L.D. Cramblet Alvarez and N. Jones (Moderators). I am Psyched! at RMPA: History, recognition, and representation of women of color in psychology. Invited symposium presented at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Convention in Denver, Co.

Walljasper-Schuyler, C., & Trujillo, M. (April, 2018). College students’ ability to recognize prominent women and people of color in psychology. In L.D. Cramblet Alvarez and N. Jones (Moderators). I am Psyched! at RMPA: History, recognition, and representation of women of color in psychology. Invited symposium presented at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Convention in Denver, Co.

Leach, J.L., & Ringler, R.L. (April, 2018). Say my name: Representation of women and people of color in history of psychology textbooks. In L.D. Cramblet Alvarez and N. Jones (Moderators). I am Psyched! at RMPA: History, recognition, and representation of Women of Color in psychology. Invited symposium presented at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Convention in Denver, Co.

Cramblet Alvarez, L.D. (April, 2017). Teaching replication in psychology: Framing the issue. In B. J. Wiggins (Moderator). Teaching replication in psychology: A guide for teachers and students. Symposium presented at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Convention in Salt Lake City, Ut.

Jeff Elison, Ph.D.

Research

Much of my research focuses on emotion-regulation and self-conscious emotions (shame, guilt, embarrassment, humiliation). I approach these emotions from evolutionary, cultural, and developmental perspectives. From the evolutionary perspective, I view emotions as universal adaptations, so I am also interested in the related social selection pressure – the threat presented by disapproval, rejection, and loss of status. Emotion-regulation includes the various ways we respond to self-conscious emotions, both adaptive and maladaptive. I developed the Compass of Shame Scale (CoSS), a self-report measure of shame-focused coping styles. The CoSS has been translated to 13 other languages. Colleagues and I have applied the CoSS in studying psychological symptoms, aggression, sports, education, and development.

Select Publications

McGrath, D., & Elison, J. (2014). Vertical Mind. Boulder, CO: Sharp End Publishing.

Elison, J., & Dansie, E. J. (2011). Humiliation. In R. J. Levesque (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Adolescence (pp. 1342-1351). New York, New York: Springer.

Elison, J., & Harter, S. (2007). Humiliation: Causes, correlates, and consequences. In J. L. Tracy, R. W. Robins, & J. P. Tangney (Eds.), The self-conscious emotions: Theory and research (pp. 310-329). New York: Guilford Press.

Elison, J., Garofalo, C., & Velotti, P. (2014). Shame and aggression: Theoretical considerations. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(4), 447-453.

Velotti, P., Elison, J., & Garofalo, C. (2014). Shame and aggression: Different trajectories and implications. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(4), 454-461.

Elison, J., & Partridge, J. A. (2012). Relationships between shame-coping, fear of failure, and perfectionism in college athletes. Journal of Sport Behavior, 35(1), 19-39.

Partridge, J. A., & Elison, J. (2010). Shame in sport: Issues and directions. Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 4(3), 197-210.

Elison, J., Lennon, R., & Pulos, S. (2006). Investigating the compass of shame: The development of the Compass of Shame Scale, Social Behavior and Personality, 34, 221-238.

Elison, J., Pulos, S., & Lennon, R. (2006). Shame-focused coping: An empirical study of the compass of shame, Social Behavior and Personality, 34, 161-168.

Elison, J. (2005). Shame and guilt: A hundred years of apples and oranges. New Ideas in Psychology, 23, 5-32.

Campbell, J. S. & Elison, J. (2005). Shame coping styles and psychopathic personality traits. Journal of Personality Assessment, 84, 96-104.

Pulos, S., Elison, J., & Lennon, R. (2004). The hierarchical structure of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index. Social Behavior and Personality, 32, 355-360.

Rena Kirkland

Research

My research interests span educational psychology, social cognition, aging, and psychometrics. Currently, I am examining the relationship between student grit and parenting practices, which could inform how parents can foster raising gritty children. In collaboration with faculty from other universities, we are developing an instrument to measure college students deliberate practice of study skills. We are also examining methods for increasing student engagement and attention during college lectures. Beyond my personal research pursuits, I enjoy mentoring students in their research interests.

Publications and Presentations

Poynton, J., Kirkland, R. A., & Makela, C. (Forthcoming). Organizational training and relationship building: Superintendents increasing public participation in public school districts. School Community Journal

Kirkland, R. A., Baker, C. A., Marsden, J., & Kois, H. (April, 2018). Experience Sampling of Movement-Integrated Learning in Psychology Courses. Poster accepted at annual convention Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Denver, CO.

Rhoads, M., Baker, C. A., & Kirkland, R. A. (2018, April). Increasing student engagement using movement-integrated learning activities. Teaching Takeout Presentation at Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Annual Conference, Denver, CO.

Kirkland, R. A., Post, K., Valadez, M., Ellenberger, B., & Baker, C. A. (April, 2017). Can Grit be Learned? An Exploration of Parental Influences on Elementary and Secondary Students’ Grit. Poster accepted at annual convention Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Salt Lake City, UT.

Baker, C. A., Post, K., Kirkland, R. A., & Valadez, M. (April, 2017). The Impact of Grit on Attributions, Effort-Related Beliefs, Homework Practices, and Self-Esteem in Children. Poster accepted at annual convention Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Salt Lake City, UT.

Poynton, J., & Kirkland, R. (April, 2016). Organizational Training and Relationship Building for Increasing Parent Engagement in Five Public School Districts. Presented paper in Symposium Format, annual conference Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

Baker, C. A., Peterson, E., Pulos, S., & Kirkland, R. A. (2014). Eyes and IQ: A meta-analysis of the relationship between general ability and “Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test”. Intelligence, 44, 78-92.

Kirkland, R, A., Peterson, E., Baker, C. A., Miller, S. & Pulos, S. (2013). Meta-analysis reveals adult female superiority in “Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test.” North American Journal of Psychology, 15(1), 121-146.

Colleen M. Schaffner, PhD.

Research

 My expertise is in the regulation of social relationships in animals. I have studied wild spider monkeys for nearly 20 years. I have known some monkeys for all of their lives. If you look closely at the photos of Tula at one year of age and at 15 years of age when he was the alpha male of his group you can see that he had a point face as a baby and as an adult. Whereas Lola had a round face as a baby and has a round face as an adult. She is unusual as most females leave the group when they reach adulthood, but Lola stayed and has had babies of her own and has a clear benefit of nearly always being in the company of her mother China.

Although spider monkeys do groom each other, it is not very common. Lola’s two younger brothers Marcus and Korea do like to groom each other. But spider monkeys use behaviors that are very familiar to us, they embrace each other after being apart!

When two individuals embrace after reuniting it almost completely reduces the risk of any aggression. Aggression is 10 times more likely if monkeys do not embrace immediately after reuniting after a period of separation.

Baby Spider Monkey from Dr. Schaffner's research

I look forward to broadening my research to study human – companion animal relationships and stress in sheltered companion animals. I research animals using behavioral observations and non-invasive measures of stress hormones and DNA, found in either urine or feces. I am delighted to involve you in my research.

My research entails living in rural communities, which is very rewarding. Below one of the village children has presented me with her artwork for my birthday!

Recent Publications

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Busia, L., Schaffner, C.M. & Aureli, F.  (2016).  Watch out or relax?  The role of conspecifics in vigilance of wild spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi).  Behaviour, 153:  107–124.  42.

Busia, L., Schaffner, C.M., Rothman, J.  & Aureli, F. (2016).  Do fruit nutrients affect fission decisions in wild spider monkeys?  International Journal of Primatology, 37: 738-751. DOI:10.1007/s10764-016-9935-8

Anna-Aguayo, A.I., Schaffner, C.M., Golubov, J., García-Franco, J., Herrera-Meza, G.  & Martínez, A. J. (2017). Behavioral repertoires and interactions between Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and the native bee Lithurgus littoralis (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in flowers of Opuntia huajuapensis (Cactaceae) in the Tehuacán desert.  Florida Entomologist, 100: 396-402. DOI:  10.1653/024.100.0242

Asensio, N., Schaffner, C.M. & Aureli, F. (2017). The effect of roads on spider monkeys’ home range and mobility in a heterogeneous regenerating forest. Biotropica, 49: 546-554.  DOI:10.1111/btp.12441

Busia, L., Schaffner, C.M., & Aureli, F. (2017). Relationship quality affects fission decisions in wild spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi).  Ethology, 123:  05-411.DOI:10.1111/eth.12609

Riveros, J.C., Aureli, F. & Schaffner, C.M. (2017). You are not welcome: Social exchanges between female spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). International Journal of Primatology: 38, 856 – 871.  DOI:  10.1007/s10764-017-9982-9

Spaan, D., Ramos-Fernández, G., Schaffner, C.M., Pinacho-Guendulain, B. & Aureli,  F. (2017).  How survey design affects monkey counts: A case study on individually recognized spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Folia Primatologica88,  409-420.  DOI: 10.1159/000481796.

Busia, L., Denice, A., Aureli, F. & Schaffner, C.M. (2018). Homosexual behavior between male spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi).  Archives of Sexual Behavior, DOI: 10.1007/s10508-018-11778

Ramos-Fernandez, G., King, A.J., Beehner, J. C., Bergman, T. J., Crofoot, M.C., Di Fiore, A., Lehmann, J., Schaffner, C.M., Snyder-Mackler, N., Zuberbuhler, K., Aureli, F., & Boyer, D. (2018). Quantifying uncertainty due to fission-fusion dynamics as a component of social complexity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. DOI: 10:1098/rspb.2018.0532

Busia, L., Smith-Augilar, S., Aureli, F., Schaffner, C.M., & Ramos-Fernandez G. (2018, in press) Predation attacks on wild spider monkeys. Folia primatologica.

Book chapters and solicited publications

Schaffner, C.M. & Aureli, F. (2017). La dinamica de fision y fusion en monos arana. In: Naturaleza, Cerebro y Conducta (Eds.F Garcia Orduna, M. Rovisora Hernandez, J.F. Rodriguez Landa, & P. Carrillo Castilla), Universidad Veracruzana, pp. 99-117.

Schaffner, C.M.& Aureli, F. (2017). Conflict Resolution. The International Encyclopedia of Primatology. Wiley. DOI: 10.1002/9781119179313

Aureli, F. & Schaffner, C.M. (2017). Fission-Fusion Dynamics. The International Encyclopedia of Primatology. Wiley. DOI: 10.1002/9781119179313

Recent Conference Presentations 

Aureli, F. & Schaffner, C. M. (2016). The “fourth chimpanzee”: Knowledge of spider monkeys can provide insight into Pan socioecology and cognition. Presented at the Joint meeting of the International Primatological Society and the American Society of Primatologists, August 21-27.

Busia, L., Schaffner, C.M., Rothman, J. & Aureli, F. (2016). Do food and relationship quality affect fission decisions in wild spiders (Ateles geoffroyi). Presented at the Joint meeting of the International Primatological Society and the American Society of Primatologists, August 21-27.

Busia, L., Denice, A., Aureli, F. & Schaffner, C.M. (2016). Intromission during grappling between male spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Presented at the Joint meeting of the International Primatological Society and the American Society of Primatologists, August 21-27.

Riveros, J.C., Schaffner, C.M.& Aureli, F. (2016). You are not welcome: Resident females attack immigrants in spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Presented at the Joint meeting of the International Primatological Society and the American Society of Primatologists, August 21-27.

Suarez Peredo Zavala, M.E., Schaffner, C.M.& Aureli F. (2016). Embraces in within- and between-group interactions in captive spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Presented at the Joint meeting of the International Primatological Society and the American Society of Primatologists, August 21-27.

Spaan, D., Ramos-Fernández, G., Schaffner, C.M., Smith-Aguilar, S.E., Pinacho-Guendulain, B. & Aureli, F. (2016). Comparing estimates of spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi) population density in the Yucatan peninsula, Mexico. Presented at the Joint meeting of the International Primatological Society and the American Society of Primatologists, August 21-27.

Schaffner, C.M., Busia, L., Denice, A.R. & Aureli, F. (2017). Grappling explained: An intriguing social interaction in spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Presented the American Society of Primatologists 40thAnniversary Meeting, Washington D.C.